SVĚT LITERATURY 2022 (XXXII) Special Issue

La poésie mystique indienne est-elle morte ?


Sunil Kumar




The present article is an attempt at understanding the various stages of artistic expressions through which Indian mystic poetry has passed and argues that this art form has not become stagnant or dead. It aims to show that it continues to flourish and evolve. It also focuses on a period of transition where a new poetry seems to appear against the background of conventional poetry. This article deals with the concerned question from a critical point of view and clearly marks the various phases of its development, divided into three different stages. It explains that each phase, though complete in itself, serves as a link to the following one. The utmost care has been taken to present the arguments related to mystic poetry in as clear a manner as possible so as to remove the misperceptions that prevails about it. Some important poets like Maithili Sharan Gupt, Mahadevi Verma and Harivansh Rai Bachchan have been discussed in this article in order to have a synoptic view of growth and evolution of Indian mystic poetry. In short, an attempt has been made to present a journey of Indian mystic poetry from the 19th century to the post-Independence period.


Indian Literature; Mysticism; Poetry; Maithili Sharan Gupt; Mahadevi Verma; Harivansh Rai Bachchan


Littérature indienne ; mysticisme ; poésie ; Maithili Sharan Gupt ; Mahadevi Verma ; Harivansh Rai Bachchan




 Sources primaires

Bachchan, Harivansh Rai. Madhushala. New Delhi : Rajpal & Sons, 2015.

Gupt, Maithili Sharan. Jhankar. New Delhi : Sahitya Sadan, 2002.

Gupt, Maithili Sharan. Gurukul. New Delhi : Sahitya Sadan, 2003.

Gupt, Maithili Sharan. Yashodhara. Agra : Sahitya Sarowar, 2020. Verma, Mahadevi. Neerja. New Delhi : Lokbharti, 2007.

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